With the last release of our the Search & Match Service, WMDA introduces a new haplotype frequency set configuration to better serve all patients and provide increased accuracy when matching donors and cord blood units to patients. The Search & Match Service currently contains no ethnicity information for donors and therefore the new frequency sets will be calculated and based upon geographical and available data of the donors of an organisation. These frequency sets utilize high resolution typing results from organisations to extrapolate the haplotypes of the region or organisation. Thus, an organisation or geographical region must meet a minimum threshold of number of donors and availability of high resolution typing to build usable and valuable frequencies. For cord blood units. we will use the same sets that were determined in the donor populations.
The inclusion criteria aims to balance a high number of donors, the quality of the HLA types and the complexity of the haplotype frequency estimation. The number and HLA types of the loci that are included in the estimation can be independent of the loci of the haplotypes actually estimated if the quality of the former is appropriate.
5-locus Haplofrequency estimation was performed on all organisations/populations with at least 5000 donors in HLA-A, -B, -C and -DRB1 types in 90% high resolution. Organisations in the same country/within the same population are usually combined, e.g. AT-ABMDR (Austrian Bone Marrow Donors) and AT-Verein (Austria- Verein geben fur Lebel) but *not* for US-NMDP (general US population) and US-GOL (predominantly Ashkenazi Jews). The 90% criteria is based on the global frequency set and includes all allele codes whose top 90% cumulated allele frequencies are in high resolution.
The current global frequency set will continue to be used for donors of organisations if it is the best representation. The number of this frequency set is 999.
Below, you can find a figure how the haplotype frequency (HF) sets are assigned to the donors and cord blood units. The system first determines if both COUNTRY and ETHNICITY are provided. If yes, then it will check if an ethnicity specific set for this country exists. If the donor for example is coming from USA and has ethnicity HISA, then we do not have a specific set available. However, there is a more broad Hispanic HF set available (USA-HI) and this will then be used.
If there is no ethnicity available for the donor or no ethnicity specific HF set exists for that country, the system will check if a country specific HF set is available or if the country is part of one of the regional HF sets.
If no country specific HF set is available, the Search & Match Service will use the global consensus HF set.
Flowchart assigning a haplotype frequency (HF) set
In the table below, you can find the haplotype frequency set numbers and which countries/organisations were included as well as the total sample size. In the last part from the table we included regional sets, some country/ethnicity specific sets and the global consensus set.
The regional sets are defined as follows:
East Asia (eas): CN (CN+CN1), HK, TW, JP (Set number: 32)
Eastern Europe (eeu):AT (A+A2), CZ (CS+CS2), CY (CY+CY2), GR2, PL (PL3+PL5+PL6), TR (TRAN+TRIS+TRKK), BG, HU, HR, LT, MK, RU (R2+R4), RO, RS, SK, SI (Set number: 33)
South America (sam): AR, BR, UY (Set number: 34)
HF set number
ISO country code
Search & Match Service_Registry_codes
Old BMDW Registry codes
|3||2017-04-25||38,548||AU + NZ|
|8||2017-04-25||591,099||CN + HK + TW|
|16||2017-04-25||1,050,556||GB + IE|
US-AF subset (ZKRD_estimation)
|102||2017-04-05||796,780||US-AS (ZKRD)||-||US-AS subset (ZKRD_estimation)||USA1-AS|
|103||2017-04-05||3,740,668||US-CA (ZKRD)||-||US-CA subset (ZKRD_estimation)||USA1-CA|
|104||2017-04-05||1,002,893||US-HI (ZKRD)||-||US-HI subset (ZKRD_estimation)||USA1-HI|
|999||2015-12-16||11,430,561||Global consensus||All Search & Match Service donor registries with a sufficient number of donors with the defined level of HLA typing.|
Since WMDA is doing these calculations on behalf of organisations, it is important for organisations to submit high resolution typing when available and donor ethnicity data. This greatly improves the haplofrequency sets generated and allows for individual donor match grades to be more accurate.
It is important to know that your organisations frequency set is changeable!
You can request that your donors be returned to the global consensus haplofrequency set or to a regional set. Your request should include the reasons why you believe that another set is more applicable for your donors. Additionally, if your organisation has a frequency set available that you would like to see utilized for the donors of your organisation we can implement it as well. In this case, your request should include at least a description about your population, the sample size, inclusion and exclusion criteria, calculation method, and the reasons why your haplofrequency set would be better than the current set applied by WMDA. Both requests will be reviewed by the WMDA BioInformatics Working Group. Please send requests to email@example.com . In the future, you'll be able to dictate a frequency set on a per donor basis.
|2017-10-31||1.0||Replacement BMDW global haplotype frequency set for more specific sets||JK|
|2018-01-24||1.1||Modification some sets; introduced during OptiMatch version 3.31.0||JK|
|2019-02-15||1.2||Replaced BMDW by WMDA / Search & Match Service; updated email address||JK|